400 Series
Unit of Measure

Specifications

Material

N/A Type 410 Q&T Stainless Steel

Shapeform

N/A Round Bar

Diameter

N/A 2 1/2 inches

Diameter

N/A 2.5 inches63.5 mm

Weight

N/A 16.69 lbs/ft24.83472 kg/m

Finish

N/A No. 2B

Condition

N/A Fully Heat Treated

Nominal Composition

N/A 12% Chrome 0 or trace Nickel 0.06 to 0.120% Carbon

ASTM Specification

N/A UNS SS4100

Typical Mechanical Properties

Steel Alloy Group

N/A Martensitic

Magnetic Properties

N/A Magnetic

Harden By

N/A Heat Treat

Corrosion Resistance

N/A Low

Hardness

N/A High

Strength

N/A High

Ductility

N/A Low

Toughness

N/A Med.

Elec. Conductance

N/A Med.

Thermal Conductance

N/A Med.

Thermal Expansion

N/A Med.

Heat Resistance (Scaling Strength)

N/A Low/Med.

Comparative Characteristics and Applications

Yield Strength

N/A 80000 psi

Tensile Strength

N/A 100000 psi

Elongation percent in 2 inches

N/A 20 %

Hardness (Rockwell B)

N/A 16 to 22

Creep Strength Load for 10000 Hr. with 1% Elongation at 1000°F

N/A 9000 lbs/in²

Creep Strength Load for 10000 Hr. with 1% Elongation at 1100°F

N/A 4200 lbs/in²

Creep Strength Load for 10000 Hr. with 1% Elongation at 1200°F

N/A 4000 lbs/in²

Creep Strength Load for 10000 Hr. with 1% Elongation at 1300°F

N/A 1000 lbs/in²

Density

N/A 0.28 lbs/in³

Modulus of Elasticity in Tension

N/A 29.0 x 10-6 lbs/in²

Specific Heat (32 to 212°F)

N/A 0.11 BTU/ºF/lbs

Thermal Conductivity at 212°F

N/A 14.4 BTU/hr.ft²/ft/ºF

Thermal Conductivity at 932°F

N/A 16.6 BTU/hr.ft²/ft/ºF

Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion per °F (32 to 212°F)

N/A 9.3 x 10-6 ºF

Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion per °F (32 to 600°F)

N/A 9.5 x 10-6 ºF

Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion per °F (32 to 1000°F)

N/A 10.3 x 10-6 ºF

Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion per °F (32 to 1200°F)

N/A 10.7 x 10-6 ºF

Melting Point Range

N/A 2700 to 2790 ºF

Electrical Resistivity

N/A 57 µΩ.cm

Max. Operating Temp. (Continuous Service)

N/A 1250 ºF

Max. Operating Temp. (Intermittent Service)

N/A 1400 ºF

Welding Properties

N/A Fair-Preheat 400-500°F, Anneal 1250°F after welding

Drawing and Stamping

N/A Fair-Good

Hot Working - Initial Forging

N/A 2000 to 2200 ºF

Annealing Temp.

N/A 1500 to 1650 ºF

Applications

N/A

  • Rapid transit cars, buses, aircraft, cargo containers
  • Retractor springs
  • Hose clamps
  • Conveyors
  • Bottling machinery
  • Jewelry
  • Cryogenic vessels and components
  • Still tubes
  • Expand metal parts
  • Mixing bowls
  • Dryers
  • Furnace parts
  • Heat exchangers
  • Paper mill equipment
  • Oil refining equipment
  • Textile industry
  • Dyeing equipment
  • Jet engine parts
  • Welded storage tanks for organic chemicals
  • Combustion chambers
  • Furnace arch supports
  • Kiln linings
  • Smoke control ductwork
  • Coal chutes
  • Gauge parts
  • Cutlery
  • Fish hooks
  • Glass molds
  • Bank vaults
  • Fasteners
  • Skewers
  • Dairy industry
  • Burner and emission control components
  • Recuperators
  • Pipes, tubes